Some Insects

Convergent Lady Beetle (Hippodamia convergens), found inside, let outside. How delightful to observe a lady b. who isn’t
the omnipresent Harmonia axyridis, which is larger, rounder, and far more varied in spot-count and even color than our native species.
Two Rufus-chested Cellophane Bees (Colletes thoracicus). Most of our wild bees (a.k.a. not invasive honeybees) are ground-nesting species. Cellophane bees waterproof their tunnels with a natural polyester, hence “cellophane.”
Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) leaves with galls of Aceria nyssae, a mite. Doesn’t seem to have a common name.
Wasps are the best known gall-agitators, but mites and aphids do it as well. “It” being hijacking a plant to grow around them, feeding and protecting them (somewhat: there are parasites of gall-makers and parasites of the parasites of gall-makers). These are the galls of Phylloxera genus aphids on mockernut hickory petioles and flowers. There are several species of these. Is this the same one? Like oaks, hickories are host to a… well, host of gall-forcing species.

If the name “Phylloxera” strikes a bell it’s because one species of the genus threatened to destroy the European wine-industry in the second half of the 19th century, until American grape root-stock (having evolved with the aphid) saved the day.
Elm Sack Gall Aphid (Tetraneura ulmi) on wych elm (Ulmus glabra).
Red Nail Gall Mite (Eriophyes tiliae) on on linden leaf (Tilia x europaea).
More sign. Of something…

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