Charles Darwin was born on this day in 1809. I recommend Janet Browne’s excellent two-volume biography.A typical contemporary view of Darwin’s theories and self, with his very heavy brow. (The first draft of history, per the journalists and cartoonists, is often moronic.) The man’s theories were also perverted by self-styled Social Darwinians in defense of racism, class privilege, and imperialism, but this does not lessen his astonishing impact on the world.
Bonus Point: Abraham Lincoln was also born on this day in 1809.